Niko Design Studio
Niko Design Studio
Sobajima, Toshihiro, Nishikubo Taketo
Loved Ruins, Shopping Street and Residence. This is a small-scale residence and gallery space planned for a shopping street.
The Yakushi Airodo shopping street, where the site is located, is situated roughly in the center of JR Nakano Station and Araiyakushi Station on the Seibu Line and is a shopping street that is deeply rooted in daily life, with miso shops, Japanese sweets shops, butcher shops, ramen shops, and public bathhouses that have been in business for many generations.
The owner's family had yet to set up a store or restaurant that would contribute to the shopping district, as the husband worked for a company and the wife was a self-employed designer.
However, they had always felt uncomfortable with the situation where condominiums and houses were suddenly built in the shopping district, and the town's blood flow was cut off.
The design process began with the hope that the architecture they were building would contribute to the future of this shopping district, even if only a little.
The owner, who was about to start designing his own house, expressed his passion for the ruins and began talking about a future without them, saying, "I would be happy if the town would love the architecture I build as the ruins of the shopping arcade.
He began to talk about the future after they were gone, saying, "I hope the buildings I build will be loved by the town as shopping district ruins.
" Beloved ruins are those buildings that have fulfilled their original role but are still left in various places because they are attractive in some way, even though they are no longer useful. In this light, there will surely come a time when the buildings in shopping arcades will no longer fulfill their original roles.
This may be due to the convenience of the owner, or it may be due to major social changes. For example, recently, the landscape of a shopping district drastically changed when a state of emergency was declared due to the Corona disaster. The owner's story sounded like a question as to whether there is a way for architecture to contribute to the town even in such a case.
Imagining the future of this shopping street and thinking about the ruins are the same thing. Street Pilotti / Boundary with incomplete layers of overlapping layers The streetscape of a shopping district is generally formed, as shown in the figure.
As long as the shopping district is vibrant and active, there is no problem, and buildings in the shopping district are usually built to the full floor-area ratio, right up to the edge of the street.
However, when a shopping street is shuttered or suddenly converted to condominiums, the problem of its form becomes obvious. The main reason is that the high building-to-land ratio and floor-area ratio make the buildings look like huge walls, and they lose the semi-public depth that goes directly to the shopping district.
Therefore, we decided to create an architectural structure that would allow the shopping district to continue to have a direct line of sight to the street, even in the worst-case scenario of a shuttered shopping district. First, the first floor is intended to be a semi-public space (atelier, gallery, store, etc.), and the second and upper floors are residential space with an exterior staircase, which can be separated from the first floor in the future. The width of the front road is 5.3m, and most of the buildings in the shopping district are built right up to the road surface, which is too close to each other for daily life.
Therefore, by setting back the volume above the second floor, the distance between the first floor and the second floor and above is set apart from the street, and an external terrace is provided in between.
Another gate-shaped semi-exterior space, named the "Piloti of the Town," is located between the two floors and the shopping district. This space, named "Piloti of the City," is a kind of halfway, incomplete building, too deep to be called a gate and too shallow to be called a tube.
It is intended to be a non-functional space that creates roles for the people involved, providing depth and shelter from the rain for passersby, a storefront on the first floor, and an entrance porch for the family.
By layering several imperfect elements in the city, such as physical distance, plants, terraces, and pilotis, a soft and flexible boundary with the city can be created, rather than a boundary of 0 or 100 like shutters.
The lower level of the building has a sense of direct continuity with the shopping district while allowing the residents to maintain their privacy with a good sense of distance and security and open up to the city simultaneously. The architecture aims for both at the same time.
Two years after the completion of the house, the owner had to relocate his entire family to a rural area for work reasons. While many builders usually choose to move alone in such cases, the owner said, "I'll go with my whole family and take care of the rest! The future without the owner quickly became a reality.
During the period leading up to the Corona disaster, we, the architects, offered to manage and operate the property, which was used as an Airbnb accommodation for tourists from overseas and as a rental event space. We even hosted a wedding party in conjunction with the shopping district.
During the stay-home period after the Corona disaster, the space was used by various people as a remote workspace where they could enjoy the breeze while feeling the city. Plants that began to grow rapidly in the aftermath of the Corona disaster have begun to cover the buildings, delighting the eyes of passersby each season in a shopping district with little greenery.
The appearance of many stores that opened their windows and openings wide during the Corona disaster is nothing more than the dismantling of overbuilt interior spaces. We believe that this is where the future of the shopping district lies.
This year marks the sixth year since the building was completed without the owner's knowledge. Unbeknownst to the owner, the building was deeply covered with greenery, and it is hard to tell how long it has existed. It looks like the ruins that the owner spoke of.