Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

AKŞEMSETTIN PRIMARY SCHOOL

Uygur Architects

PHOTOGRAPHS
Cemal Emden

AREA
11669 m²

LOCATION
Küçükçekmece, Turkey

YEAR
2021

LEAD ARCHITECTS
Semra Uygur, Özcan Uygur

CATAGORY
Educational Architecture, Elementary & Middle School

Akşemsettin Primary School is just one of the schools built within the scope of the package project “45 Public Buildings in Istanbul“ designed by Uygur Architects.

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

Architects considered this project as an important opportunity for the modernization of the educational spaces.

The schools, which were decided to be demolished and rebuilt in Istanbul within the scope of ISMEP (Istanbul's Seismic Risk Mitigation and Emergency Project), are designed in a unique way in their own context, on the same plot by increasing their capacity.

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

Even though while increasing the school program, the mass-open area ratio drastically changes, this dense program requirement is resolved by a balanced composition and strategic interpretation of mass relations.

Akşemsettin Primary School was in use until 2018 in a building with poor earthquake resistance in a cramped and inflexible built area of ​​3.497 m2 with a total of 35 (thirty-five) classrooms and 2 (two) kindergarten rooms with the capacity of 1400 students.

The gross built area of ​​the demolished building is increased 2.5 times and became ​​11,669 m2.

Several orthogonal units in which the common and social programs are placed on ground level utilizing the land level differences.

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

The intended wholeness of these units forms a plinth and a courtyard is defined in the middle.

A compact disc form, in which classroom units and repetitive programs are gathered together, is superposed on top of the plinth.

Considering the rapidly developing, unplanned, and evasive construction in this neighborhood, designing a qualified image of a "new" building for an educational institution in a way that is contemporary and socially sustainable, is considered as a significant architectural emphasis.

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

The in-between spaces that emerged in this fragmented mass composition, find their own definitions as competent areas encouraging social interaction.

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

As a resolution, Uygur Architects formulated a strategic method by designing a library of materials, details, and their various compositions.

While every single project is uniquely designed, architects, who interpret this library as an "alphabet", construct different sentences for each plot.

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

As the schools that were demolished and rebuilt temporarily transfer to other schools in the neighborhood during the construction process, these new schools have to be built both rapidly and economically.

In the case of Akşemsettin Primary School, brick and exposed concrete stand out; however, the façade of the disc mass is customized by the textured concrete.

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

With the additional areas of social and common spaces, laboratories, sports fields, multi-purpose halls, etc..

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden
Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

From an architects’ standpoint, it is important to reconstitute the architectural and social significance of Akşemsettin Primary School, located in Küçükcekmece, where the dense slum areas are now transforming into mass housing projects, and the population is still increasing.

The number of classrooms, which was formerly 37, increased to 56 with a music atelier, support education rooms, laboratories, art classrooms, and additional kindergarten playrooms, while the student capacity remained unchanged.


Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden

Akşemsettin Primary School
© Cemal Emden


Akşemsettin Primary School
Section 02
Akşemsettin Primary School
Section 04
Akşemsettin Primary School
Section 05
Akşemsettin Primary School
Section 06


Akşemsettin Primary School
Plan - Sub-Ground Floor
Akşemsettin Primary School
Plan - Ground Floor
Akşemsettin Primary School
Plan - First Floor
Akşemsettin Primary School
Plan - Second Floor
Akşemsettin Primary School
Plan - Site
Akşemsettin Primary School
Courtesy of Uygur Architects

Uygur Architects
T +90 312 467 6090
Uygur Architects
Kavaklıdere Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey